Crooked or clenched teeth are usually a problem associated with vicious habits and, in some cases, genetic factors, and trainers and braces are the best treatment solution.
Recent studies show that external agents acting on the jaws, in childhood and adolescence, have a greater impact on the development of the jaw than could have genetic inheritance.
Dental trainers are similar to soft splints, made of a silicone material, and contribute to:
- Relaxation of the oral muscles
- Normal development of the jaws
- Creation of spaces on the dental arches in case of teeth eruption and alignment of crowded ones
- Correction of vicious oral habits.
A major advantage of dental trainers is that they are made according to the age category and can be used from the age of 3 years. Thus, they can also replace the pacifier and in the long run they can eliminate the need to resort to a dental treatment.
Junior (baby teeth)
3 – 6 years
K (mixed dentition)
6 – 12 years
– for those who also have associated orthodontic dental treatments
Depending on the addictive habit that requires treatment, there are several types of dental trainers for each age group. The pediatric dentist or orthodontist is the one who will recommend the dental trainer that the child needs.
- The dental trainer is generally worn at night, but also during the day, for about 2 hours
- If it is not possible to wear it during the night, the wear time during the day can be increased
- The duration of a dental trainer treatment depends on the type of dental condition (crooked, clenched teeth), but it can normally take between 6 months and 1 year.
It involves inhaling air through the mouth, not the nose, as is normal.
Another vicious habit that can affect the development of the facial skeleton is infant swallowing – which involves pushing the tongue between the teeth.
Thumb sucking or prolonged use of pacifier sucker
It has a similar effect to infant swallowing, causing the appearance of the reverse bite and a tilt of the upper front teeth.
More and more children have poor chewing, due to insufficient consumption of hard foods and increased consumption of processed foods.
Biting lips or hard objects
It causes eruptions of the teeth in atypical positions and stops in their vertical evolution.
Bruxism is a condition characterized by itching, grinding or clenching of the teeth. Bruxism occurs in both children and adults. This condition can cause toothache, tooth sensitivity or teeth grinding.
In the first stage, the child gradually begins to learn new habits: to breathe properly, on the nose, to stop pushing the tongue between the teeth or to bite the lips and hard objects. Thus, the jaw begins to develop properly, allowing the teeth to grow normally and straight.
Defining the shape of the dental arch
Newly formed habits help to define the shape of the dental arch, widening the closed spaces and leaving the necessary space for the correct development of the teeth.
After the jaw has been enlarged, the teeth begin to be aligned in their natural position, thus forming an aligned and healthy smile. To achieve these results, however, the dental trainer needs to be worn for the duration of the whole night and daily, for at least two hours.
At the end of the treatment, the dentist will determine the next steps to maintain the results already obtained.
- Reduces the risk of cavities (crowded teeth are harder to sanitize)
- Improves pronunciation and chewing
- Optimizes facial development
- Eliminates a possible dental treatment
- It is easy to clean and maintain
- Sanitize after each use with lukewarm soap and water
- For efficient cleaning, use a hard-toothed toothbrush
- Special tablets can also be used to sanitize the appliance
- When not worn, the dental trainer must be kept in the special box.