Orthodontic treatment with dental trainers
Crooked or crowded teeth are a problem usually associated with vicious habits and, in some cases, with genetic factors. In both cases the treatment solution is given by dental trainers.
Recent studies prove that external agents that act on the jaws during childhood and adolescence have a greater impact on jaw’s development than could have genetic inheritance.
What are the dental trainers and how do they correct vicious habits
Dental trainers are similar to soft splints, made of a silicone material which:
- Relaxes the oral muscles
- Develops and aligns the jaws
- Expands dental arches allowing eruption of teeth, alignment of crowded teeth
- Corrects vicious oral habits
A major advantage of dental trainers is that they are made according to the age category and can be used from the age of 3 years. Thus, it can also replace the pacifier, and in the long run it can permanently eliminate the wearing of a dental braces.
Types of dental trainers
- Junior: 3 – 6 years
- Interceptive: 5 – 8 years
- K: 6 – 10 years
- T: 10 – 15 years – for those who also have associated orthodontic dental treatments
Depending on the vicious habit that requires treatment, there are several types of dental trainers by age category.
The pediatric dentist is the one who will recommend the dental trainer that the child needs.
How to use a trainer?
- A trainer is usually worn during nighttime and for 2 hours during daytime
- If it is not possible to wear it during the entire night, the patient can wear it more during daytime
- The treatment period with a dental trainer is related to the type of dental anomaly. For a simple case it will be 1-2 years .
What vicious habits can a trainer correct?
- ORAL BREATHING – this means the child breaths both on the nose and on the mouth; normally, the child should be breathing though nose.
- TONGUE THRUSTING – this is another oral habit that can affect de development of the skeleton – the child is pushing his tongue through the teeth during swallowing
- THUMB SUCKING – this vicious habit has similar effect with tongue thrusting, it may cause cross-bite and an inclination of the upper front teeth
- MASTICATION DEFICIENCY – more and more children have a mastication deficiency, mostly because of the processed food they are consuming instead of raw, crunchy aliments
- LIP BITTING AND HARD OBJECTS BITTING (pencils, pens) – it may cause the teeth to become misaligned and also can stop them from erupting
- BRUXISM – also known as teeth grinding – this affection may cause dental pain, dental sensibility or teeth abrasion.
What are the stages of orthodontic treatment with dental trainers.
In the first stage, the child gradually begins to learn new habits: to breathe correctly, through the nose, to stop pushing the tongue between the teeth or to bite the lips and hard objects. Thus, the jaw begins to develop properly, allowing the teeth to grow normally and straight.
Defining the shape of the dental arch
Newly formed habits help to define the shape of the dental arch, widening the closed spaces and leaving the necessary place for the correct development of the teeth.
After the jaw has been enlarged, the teeth begin to be aligned in their natural position, thus outlining a straight, healthy smile. However, to achieve these results, the dental trainer needs to be worn every night and in the daytime for at least 2 hours.
Maintaining/Preserving the results
At the end of the treatment, the pediatrician will determine which are the next steps to maintain the results already obtained.
The advantages of using a dental trainer
- Reduces the risk of cavities (crowded teeth are harder to be cleaned)
- No tooth extractions are required (sometimes valid braces treatment)
- Improves pronunciation and chewing
- Optimizes facial development
- Eliminates a possible braces treatment
- It is easy to clean and to take care of
Instructions for the correct care of the dental trainer
- Clean it after each use, with lukewarm water and soap
- For effective cleaning, use a toothbrush
- Special tablets can also be used to clean the device
- When not worn, the dental trainer must be kept in its special box.